Our teachers as teachers around the world are following The Communicative Language Teaching (CLT) (also known as the Communicative Approach (CA). CLT was developed during the 1970s by the Council of Europe. This method is a more recent phenomenon that comprises all sorts of techniques from different methods.
Communicative Language Teaching is the method of choice. CLT does not teach about language; rather, it teaches language. It is often seeks to recreate real-life social and functional situations in the classroom to guide students toward communicative competence.
The linguistic accuracy is not as important in the Communicative classroom. Teachers avoid upsetting their students by requiring them to identify or recognise nouns, verbs, or direct objects; instead, they guide them to second language proficiency by employing “the PPP” lesson shape — presentation, practice, and production. Teachers present the target language via everyday situations; they give students time to practice the language via structured situational dialogues; and, finally, they step aside for students’ production of the language—the phase in which they are able to function independently in the target language. Grammar has recently made a comeback in CLT and teachers now incorporate grammar in their lessons.
The student is the centre of the class and the teacher is a guide or a facilitator.